Copper’s performance can be expanded to suit many industrial applications. This is achieved by alloying: making a solid material out of two or more different metals. By combining copper with other metals, alloys can be made to fit almost any application.
The Copper Alloys Tree
There are more than 400 copper alloys, each with a unique combination of properties, to suit many applications, manufacturing processes and environments.
Pure copper has the best electrical and thermal conductivity of any commercial metal. Today, over half of the copper produced is used in electrical and electronic applications and this leads to a convenient classification of the types of copper into electrical (high conductivity) and non-electrical (engineering). Read more.
Copper forms alloys more freely than most metals and with a wide range of alloying elements to produce the following alloys:
Brass is the generic term for a range of copper-zinc alloys with differing combinations of properties, including strength, machinability, ductility, wear-resistance, hardness, colour, antimicrobial, electrical and thermal conductivity, and corrosion-resistance. Read more.
Bronze alloys are made from copper and tin, and were the first to be developed about four thousand years ago. They were so important that they led to a period in time being named the Bronze Age. Read more.
Gunmetals are alloys of copper with tin, zinc and lead and have been used for at least 2000 years due to their ease of casting and good strength and corrosion resistance. Read more.
Copper-nickel alloys have excellent resistance to marine corrosion and biofouling. The addition of nickel to copper improves strength and corrosion resistance, but good ductility is retained. Read more.
Nickel silver alloys are made from copper, nickel and zinc, and can be regarded as special brasses. They have an attractive silvery appearance rather than the typical brassy colour. Read more.
Beryllium copper is the hardest and strongest of any copper alloy, in the fully heat treated and cold worked condition. It is similar in mechanical properties to many high strength alloy steels but, compared to steels, it has better corrosion resistance. Read more.
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